CLICK HERE to read Jeremiah 49.
In this chapter, the Lord issues judgment to the Ammonites (verse 1), the people north of Moab who lived east of the Jordan River that is now Jordan and Syria. The Lord warns them that they will have warnings of war (verse 2), and that they will go into captivity (verse 3). He tells them they have trusted in their wealth instead of Him (verse 4), and so now will be driven out of that for which they have not been grateful (verse 5). They will go into captivity (verse 6) because they have not been wise (verse 7).
He speaks this judgment also to Edom, the descendants of Esau (verse 8). Normally even in war, some would survive and be left behind by the conquering army to care for the land (verse 9), but the Lord says that none of them will be left (verse 10). Only those without the priesthood (widows and orphans) will have other opportunity to find their way to the Lord (verse 11), but the rest who should know better and have access to Him have refused it (verse 12). Because they have refused Him, He must let them have the consequences they have chosen (verse 13).
The Lord says that the battle against them is already being planned (verse 14), and that no one will care that they are conquered (verse 15). They have been proud and trusting in their own strength and military power instead of trusting in the Lord (verse 16). The people were hiding in the rocks, and in caves, and we know from history that the conquering armies climbed above the caves and used metal hooks to pull the people out when they thought they would be safe inside. It will be so brutal, the Lord says, that everyone will be astonished (verse 17). None shall survive (verse 18).
No one can speak for the Lord except for His chosen prophets (verse 19), so the people should listen to those He sends to warn them (verse 20). When they do not, even the Earth itself grieves the fall of one nation after another (verse 21). The people cannot say they were not warned, because He sent them prophets and signs and they knew what was happening as well as a woman going into labor knows childbirth is near (verse 22).
Then the Lord speaks to Syria, telling them that they have not been strong in obedience (verse 23), and has run away in fear instead of trusting in Him (verse 24). The Lord grieves the good and faithful people choosing silence for safety, instead of calling out to Him for safety (verse 25). But since they have not listened to Him, their nation will also fall (verse 26) and be destroyed (verse 27).
When the Lord speaks to Kedar, He is speaking to the Arab people, the descendants of the second son of Ishmael (verse 28). He tells them they will live in fear, fighting for homeland (verse 29). He warns them that Babylon has already conspired against them (verse 30). He tells them that because they have not listened to Him, they only have political alliances left (verse 31) and their wealth will not be enough to save them (verse 32). They will be destroyed without homeland (verse 33).
When the Lord speaks against Elam, He is speaking to the people where modern day Iran stands (verse 34). He tells them that He will break the hold they have on the people (verse 35), and that they will be scattered into all nations because of what they have done (verse 36). They have earned only anger (verse 37), and lost the privilege of governing themselves (verse 38). They also will be conquered and sent into captivity (verse 39).