Qumran is where the Bedouin boy shepherd was looking for his lost goat and threw a rock into a hole and heard pottery break. That’s how the Dead Sea scrolls were found:
It is directly across from the northern tip of the Dead Sea:
The scrolls were written by the Essenes, a sect that lived apart from the corruption of the temple in Jerusalem. They called themselves children of Light, and they were preparing for the coming of the Lord.
They were scribes, and the Old Testament has been found in its entirety except for Esther, and the famous Isaiah scrolls came from here. They also had other writings about their own community, hymns, and rules for living.
They lived in caves, but the ruins of their community centers are still there: