During His ministry, Jesus lived in the home of Simon Peter, when He was not out and about. Several of the disciples lived here, and were called from Here. It was a fishing city, and the waters of the Sea of Galilee are warm even on this cold and rainy day. They say in summer the sea is hot as soup. Jesus taught in this synagogue many times, and the black brick is the original from the time of Jesus, while the white is rebuilt from the Byzantines.
The ruins are from the original Capernaum. Jewish homes were large, organized by family – which meant parents, grandparents, children, etc. So each home, or “mansion”, had many rooms. The rooms were the only places there was a roof. The middle courtyard was for cooking and laundry and gathering together. As long as women were inside, they could wear much less clothes. But any time they left the home, or mansion-of-many-rooms, they had to be covered to their wrists and ankle and over the head.