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When Alma finished his sermon, the people who renewed their covenants re-joined the Nephites (verses 1-2). The rest were angry and would not listen (verse 3), and gathered themselves together to talk about what had been taught (verse 4). These non-believers didn’t tell the people what was going on, but were finding out whether the general public had believed Alma’s words or not (verse 5). When they found out so many did, they kicked out the believers from their land (verse 6). So these also joined the Nephite believers, and Alma and the other leaders ministered unto them (verse 7).
This made the non-believers even angrier, and they tried to convince the Nephites to kick out the new believers (verse 8), even threatening them if they did not (verse 9). Instead:
the people of Ammon did not fear their words; therefore they did not cast them out, but they did receive all the poor… that came over unto them; and they did nourish them, and did clothe them, and did give unto them lands for their inheritance; and they did administer unto them according to their wants (verse 9).
This made the non-believers even angrier still, and since the Nephites were not intimidated, they went to the Lamanites to gain support against the Nephites (verse 10), even stirring them up to war (verses 11-13).
Having finished their mission, Alma and Ammon and the other missionaries returned home “after having been instruments in the hands of God” (verse 14). Yet still, they grieved that so many had refused to hear their words, “grieved for the iniquity of his people” and the wars and contentions (verse 15). Those who refused to repent had hard hearts, and were “offended because of the strictness of the word” (verse 15). Out of this sorrow and concern for his people, and knowing the dangers ahead, Alma gathers his sons to teach them and bless them “concerning the things pertaining unto righteousness” (verse 16).